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Course : Head, Neck, & Dental Anatomy

Course Number
Section Number
Fall 2019
Centennial Hall,
Jill Young
Days & Times
Final Exam Day/Time


Through lectures, individual and group discussion, reading assignments, and lab exercises, the students should be able to:

  1. Name the embryonic structures that form the face and approximate age of formation.
  2. Identify the main embryonic structures that are involved in the formation of the upper lip and the nose.
  3. Name the embryonic structures that are involved in the formation of the maxilla, mandible and tongue.
  4. Describe the microscopic and histologic features of the developing tooth (enamel, dentin and cementum).
  1. Describe the microscopic anatomy and function of the oral mucosa.
  2. Describe the microscopic anatomy and function of the major and minor salivary glands.
  3. Relate the anatomy, histology and function of the gingiva to the development of periodontal disease.
  4. Describe the histologic features and function of the temporomandibular joint.
  5. Identify by name the two dental arches, the permanent teeth, the deciduous teeth, and anterior and posterior teeth. 
  6. Describe the order in which the teeth are positioned in the dental arch, the function of each type of tooth, and the eruption sequence of deciduous and permanent teeth.
  7. Identify the areas of the oral cavity, the boundaries of the oral vestibule, and the boundaries of the oral cavity proper.
  8. Describe each structure of the oral cavity as to location, color, size, and/or shape.
  9. Differentiate between, and describe the location of major and minor salivary glands, and classify each according to its secretion.
  10. Identify the duct for each major salivary gland.
  11. Discuss the components and function of the lymphatic system, and identify and correctly palpate the lymph nodes in the head and neck regions.
  12. Identify the divisions of the tooth, the surfaces of the tooth, tissues of the tooth, and tissues of the periodontium.
  13. Describe each tooth tissue and those of the surrounding structures as to location, composition, and function.
  14. Define the terms: active and passive eruption, proliferation, supernumerary, and anomaly. 20.  Describe proximal contact areas, interproximal spaces and embrasures, and give their importance to the function and integrity of the masticatory system.
  1. Define Curve of Spee, Curve of Wilson, Angle's classification of occlusion and the associated types of facial profiles.
  2. List and explain deviations of individual tooth positioning.
  3. Define functional occlusion, and differentiate between functional and parafunctional contacts.
  4. List the types of trauma from occlusion and correctly identify the effects of occlusal trauma.
  5. Identify the names and eruption dates of the deciduous teeth.
  6. Using extracted teeth, identify the maxillary and mandibular incisors, canines, premolars, and molars, and describe the location and contour of each.
  7. Using human skulls and diagrams, correctly identify the location of the cranial and facial bones, and the anatomical landmarks of each.
  8. Using human skulls and diagrams, correctly locate and identify the anatomical landmarks on the mandible and maxilla including specified foramina and canals.
  9. Locate and describe the components of the TMJ.
  10. Describe the origin, insertion, and function of the muscles of mastication, the muscles of facial expression, the suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles.
  11. Correctly identify each muscle of the head and neck.
  12. Describe the location and function of the muscles of the tongue, soft palate, and pharynx.
  13. List and describe the papillae of the tongue, and identify the function of each.


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